Gamla Uppsala Church is a church building in Gamla Uppsala in the Uppsala diocese. It is the parish church of Gamla Uppsala parish and is located on a historic site with prehistoric origins.
According to legend, the church was built on the site of the ancient Norse pagan temple, which is said to have been located in Old Uppsala, mentioned by Adam of Bremen as Uppsala Temple around 1076. Subsequent archaeological finds suggest that the legend is true.
At this place, a day's journey from both Sigtuna and Birka, the Swedes' ancestors gathered to honour their old gods. The country's final Christianisation took place when the power in Uppsala finally converted. Vite Krist won over the old gods.
Old Uppsala first became a bishop's seat, which was moved there from Sigtuna to become an archbishop's seat in 1164. Gamla Uppsala Church is largely built of grey stone and may have been started in the mid-12th century and completed shortly before a fire in the 1240s. It is believed that some surviving wooden furnishings from the church may date from the 12th century, including one of three so-called triumphal crucifixes.